Politics is the group of governmental activities which are concerned with making political decisions in accordance with the distribution of power and wealth among various people, like the distribution of public goods or status to certain groups. The main branch of political science that studies government and politics is known as political science. Politics and the principles of government were taught at the universities in the old days. In addition, it was also taught in some colleges during those times.
The twentieth century witnessed a tremendous growth in the number of political scientists all over the world. Their work done in this field has contributed a lot to the development of the countries as well as public policy. The major activities include political leadership, research on politics, political science and political communications. The scope of this course varies widely depending on the university. Generally, a PhD in Politics is obtained by those who have completed their graduation and are equipped with the knowledge about political science. A master’s degree is required for those who want to pursue academic studies on international public policy and global affairs.
There are numerous subjects that are covered under the field of politics. First, we have the political theory. The aim of political theory is to reveal the societal pattern and process of politics. Then there is political science, which studies the relationships between political forces and the process of politics. The major areas of concentration of research in this field are social sciences, history, sociology and political science.
Another important area is the study of political systems. The aim of political systems is to explain the political institutions and the political processes that shape the evolvement of societies. Comparative politics also analyzes the political systems of various countries in the world. The areas of research that fall in this category include political systems of Latin America and Africa, politics in the Middle East and Asia, European politics, American government systems. Comparative politics also includes the area of constitutional government, party systems and the development of states and regions in the world.
Public policy studies refers to political systems or polities that exist in the public sector. It can either be part of the government or an independent organization. Public policy studies can be in the form of a book, scholarly articles, conference talks or even as a set of courses at universities.
The field of economics is one of the most important parts of political science. The study of economy seeks to understand how people, nation, industry, and international relations affect each other. There are two main branches of economic study. Economic theory deals with how economics affects the decision of individuals in the context of the external environment, while economic analysis looks into how economic policies in a country affect the domestic economy.
Public administration is also included in the list of curriculum vitae for political scientists. It deals with the policies and activities of public institutions in politics. The study of public administration aims to establish how public policies affect political processes and the power structures of public organizations. Public policy also encompasses the field of diplomacy, which seeks to promote international economic and political cooperation.
Another important segment of politics is civil war. Civil war scholars study the social, cultural, psychological and historical roots of civil war. This study traces its origins to the emergence of democracy. They also edit civil war textbooks. The influence of civil war on politics is far reaching and political scientists have a great role to play in understanding the role of civil war in politics.